Email Marketing: 5 Steps to Better Results
This post is excerpted from the e-book "31 Ways to Supercharge Your Email Marketing."
The biggest challenge with email marketing is that it is so easy to be successful marketers don't reach for the next level. After all, when something isn't broken, why invest time and energy in making it better? Most marketers don't make the effort to optimize their strategy because "good enough" serves them well enough. For those who want more, optimizing emails delivers more than additional sales—it turns casual shoppers into long-term loyal customers by creating a better shopping experience.
There are four reasons to send emails to customers and prospects: Acquisition, retention, sales and service. Most companies are very good at generating sales with emails, but fail miserably at the other three objectives. People miss opportunities to acquire new customers, improve relationships and increase satisfaction because email marketing is so good at generating revenue. Simple changes to your email marketing strategy make a big difference in results.
The first step is to complete a mini review of your email marketing program to see how effective it is at acquisition, retention, sales and service. Make a list of the emails sent over the last year and place them into the appropriate category.
What percentage of the emails were designed to acquire new customers? This includes all emails sent to prospects and those that specifically ask customers to share the information with a friend. (Placing a "Tell a Friend" button in the email doesn't count.) How effective were the acquisition emails at generating new prospects and customers? What changes made them better? How much did it cost to acquire new people?
How many of the emails were specifically designed to keep customers coming back? This question is often met with the response, "our promotional emails keep customers coming back." If your company is Walmart or you can effectively compete with low price leaders, this response is right. If your company is like most, you don't have the margins to guarantee the lowest prices and need to create loyalty-based customer relationships.
Do your sales emails consistently generate revenue, or are you seeing peaks and valleys? Email promotional programs are very predictable once you have enough historical data. Peaks and valleys that are not seasonal suggest that there may be underlying issues affecting your revenue. Subscriber fatigue is one such issue. It happens when people receive the same type of emails over an extended period of time.
The first sign of subscriber fatigue is a decline in open rates. If there is nothing new, then why open the email? The second sign is a higher click-through rate on opened emails. When people are ready to make a purchase, they look for a discount. The combination of lower open rates and higher click-throughs indicate that your emails may have become a coupon mecca.
Are your service emails a statement of facts or a conversation with your customers? Order and shipping confirmation emails can be much more than "here's your information, thank you for your order" notices. They can be entertaining and sharable.
A good email marketing strategy increases sales. A great email marketing strategy increases sales, introduces the company to new people, and keeps customers' happily coming back for more. The only way to move from good to great is to optimize every email sent to customers and prospects. Tips for making the move include:
- Partner with non-competitive companies and organizations to connect with new prospects. Selective partnerships help grow your company's prospect list exponentially. Allies from corporate and non-profit worlds can introduce your business to new people that are highly targeted. In turn, your participation provides reciprocal information or financial support.
- Customize emails to buying behavior. There are three very good reasons to invest time and effort into modeling emails around buying behavior. They are response, revenue and retention. Carefully crafting individually customized emails improves results. You don't have to have the analytics chops of a large company to do this well. Even small changes can make a difference.
- Analyze email customers differently. People who choose to receive your emails are different from other customers. They order more often and spend more money when they buy, but this doesn't automatically translate into more profitability. If subscribers are primarily buying at discounted prices, they generate higher revenue and lower profits.
- Use reminders to help customers. Your customers are busy people. They don't always remember that cars need servicing or they are about to run out of consumable goods. People tend to take the path of least resistance. When your company makes it easy for them to take care of maintenance and replacement issues, they seldom look elsewhere. Pricing is less of an issue because purchasing from your company becomes a habit they don't want to break.
- Send people to the right place. The Internet is a wonderland filled with rabbit holes that take people away from your marketing messages. Your customers and prospects will become distracted and venture off to other activities if they do not have a clear path to follow. The emails they receive from your company are the starting point of a map to the final objective. Anything that isn't easily recognized as the next step or requires the traveler to stop and think is a diversion that needs to be eliminated.
For more, check out the full e-book "31 Ways to Supercharge Your Email Marketing." The e-book shows how to make simple changes that improve email marketing results with examples of what works and doesn't.