Marketing Success Is (Almost) All About the Data: Optimizing Customer Loyalty Behavior Initiatives
Much of what I've learned over the years about sales, marketing and customer service has to do with the critical importance of customer data, and how those data are converted to actionable insights. It's how companies generate the right customer data, manage and share data the right way, and use it at the right time. It's also how they use data to the best effect, to optimize loyalty and profitability, that makes them successful, or not, on an individual customer basis. Culture, leadership, and systems will facilitate effective information gathering, storage and application; and, CRM, CEM, ERP, or other acronyms notwithstanding, it's impossible to be successful without having as much relevant anecdotal and dimensional content about customers as possible.
Bill Gates, often a prophet, said in "Business @ The Speed of Thought" (1999):
The best way to put distance between you and the crowd is to do an outstanding job with information. How you gather, manage and use information will determine whether you win or lose.
He might have added, had he really understood how to create and optimize customer loyalty, that what information, particularly customer-specific information, a company collects, and how they manage, share and apply it to the customer will determine how successful they can become.
One of my key sources for the uses of information gathered by customer clubs and, particularly, loyalty programs, for example, is friend and colleague, Brian Woolf (www.brianwoolf.com). Brian is president of the Retail Strategy Center, Inc., and a fountain of knowledge about how companies apply, and don't apply, data generated through these programs.
In a Peppers & Rogers newsletter, for example, Don Peppers quoted Brian in his article, "The Secrets of Successful Loyalty Programs":
Loyalty program success has less to do with the value of points or discounts to a customer, and much more to do with a company's use of data mining to improve the customer experience. Top management hasn't figured out what to do with all the information gleaned. You have all this information sitting in a database somewhere and no one taking advantage of it.
You need to mine the information to create not only relationships but also an optimum (purchasing) experience. The best loyalty programs use the customer data to improve not only promotions, but also store layout, pricing, cleanliness, check-out speed, etc.
Firms that do this are able to double their profits. When these elements are not addressed, all you're doing is teaching the customer to seek out the lowest price."
Tesco, one of the world's largest retail chains, is using its customer information for a number of marketing and process initiatives. In his book "Loyalty Marketing: The Second Act," Brian described how Tesco leveraged customer data drawn from its loyalty program to move into offering banking and financial services:
"Marketing Nuggets" will include observations regarding trends, and often study results, representing current, real-world issues of high importance to direct marketers. Those issues include omnichannel communication usage, mobile marketing, content, informal offline and online social communication, consumer behavior, message personalization, internal customer-centric processes and organization, strategic customer life cycle planning, proactive employee contribution, etc.