Mistaken predictions about the demise of people and things are relatively common. In the 1990s, brick-and-mortar bank branches were declared dead. ATMs and internet banking were supposed to result in the end of the local bank branch. Over the last few years, similar thoughts have been shared regarding email's fate in the digital marketing mix. Social media, SMS and mobile apps have been touted as "email killers." In the background, Facebook, Twitter and other brands have strengthened their use of email marketing to improve customer relationships.